“Kristiansand was formally founded by King Christian IV in 1641. It was created as a market town to encourage growth in a strategically significant area, providing a local economic base for construction of fortifications and population for defence of the area. The centre of Kristiansand, in layout essentially unchanged since the 17th century, is called “Kvadraturen” due to its square gridline of streets.”
Interesting, I am sure this local marketplace is incredible.
“At the end of the 19th century, Arendal was recognized as a major shipping centre with many wealthy shipowners. In 1939, it had the 4th largest Norwegian tanker fleet; only Oslo, Bergen, and Stavanger were larger.”